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Loading Limestone Powder Into a Pushcart

Loading Limestone Powder Into a Pushcart

Historical Stock Photos: This April 1941 historical photograph was provided by the Center for Disease Control’s (CDC), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). It depicted a number of industrial workers in Lee County, Alabama who were in the process of loading crushed limestone into pushcarts by using an overhead bucket shovel, which when unloaded, as was the case in this example, a large debris-could ensued, exposing onlookers to irritating airborne particulates. The potential worker health problems associated with crushed limestone, also known as calcium carbonate, includes respiratory hazards when inhaled, and dermatitis due to mechanical abrasion resulting from skin contact. Prolonged exposure may cause lung diseases such as “silicosis”. The men were equipped with inadequate respiratory protection. In the 1940s and 1950s, the Industrial Hygiene Division (IHD) investigated hazards associated with this and other activities involving workplace health hazards.

keywords: health hazards, industrial workers, black and white, old factories, historical photos

9463_lores

Black Men Working in the 1940s

Black Men Working in the 1940s

This April 1941 historical photograph was provided by the Center for Disease Control’s (CDC), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). It depicted a number of African-American workers loading nitrate of soda into cotton bags. Note that the men were equipped with inadequate respiratory protection. One worker in the background was wearing a simple dust mask. The worker in the center was using a bandana as protection, while the others were completely unprotected. In the 1940s and 1950s, the Industrial Hygiene Division (IHD) investigated hazards associated with activities such as metal grinding. The potential worker health problems associated with nitrate of soda dust include both inhalational respiratory pathology, and dermatitic, or skin irritation upon contact. Prolonged exposure may cause anemia, weakness, general depression, headache, mental impairment, methemoglobinemia, and nephritis.

keywords: black and white, nitrate of soda, no protection, respiratory problems, African American workers, 1940s, 1950s, 9463

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Black Man in 1950s in a Dry Cleaners

Black Man in 1950s in a Dry Cleaners

Historical Stock Photos: From 1950, this historical photograph was provided by the Center for Disease Control’s (CDC), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), and depicted an African American worker in a dry cleaning establishment using the chemical “benzol”, another name for “benzene” (C6H6), in order to “spot clean” a garment. Benzene is a proven carcinogen, and very flammable. In the 1950s, the Industrial Hygiene Division (IHD) investigated hazards in dry cleaning environments. New non-flammable cleaners had recently been introduced that created concerns about their toxicity.

As of 2005, there were approximately 36,000 dry cleaning businesses in the U.S. with most employing less than ten people. The focus today is on the perchloroethylene, used as a solvent in 85% of dry cleaning shops. It is carcinogenic in animals and suspected to be so in humans

keywords: dry cleaning, african-american, black, black and white, NIOSH, Benzol, Benzene.

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Black Children in 1920s Texas

Black Children in 1920s Texas

Historical Stock Photos: This historic photograph depicted a gathering that was billed as a Child Health Conference, which was held in a Texas school-house. The youngest in attendance was five years old. The original image was scanned from a glass lantern slide donated by the Minnesota Department of Health, and is contained in a historical collection devoted to observances of Child Health Day in the United States.

keywords: Black children, african american children, black and white, Texas, Child Health Day, Children’s Health Conference

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close-up of an elderly African-American female patient’s oral cavity

close-up of an elderly African-American female patient’s oral cavity

This is a close-up of an elderly African-American female patient’s oral cavity, revealing lesions on her soft palate and tongue, which are due to the herpes simplex virus.

Also known as a cold sore, this lesion is caused by the contagious herpes simplex virus Type-1 (HSV-1), and should not be confused with a canker sore, which is not contagious. The HSV-1 virus remains in the body throughout an exposed person’s entire life.

keywords: 12618, syphilis, cold sore, lesion, close up of mouth, tongue, missing teeth

11619_lores

Crowd of People Sitting Down at a Meeting

Crowd of People Sitting Down at a Meeting

Seated here were a number of attendees to a town hall meeting held on behalf of the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). The purpose of these meetings is to collect community concerns and share health messages about local environmental issues.

keywords: meeting, waiting room, Asian woman waiting in a crowd, public meeting, crowd listening, 11619

11618_lores

African American Woman Asking Question at Town Hall Meeting

African American Woman Asking Question at Town Hall Meeting

Raising her hand in order to pose a question, this African-American woman was one of a number of attendees to a town hall meeting on behalf of the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). The purpose of these meetings is to collect community concerns and share health messages about local environmental issues.

keywords: 11618, asking questions, public speaking, nervous woman, African-american woman, public meeting, town hall meeting
African-American at a meeting

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African American Woman Asking Question at Town Hall Meeting

African American Woman Asking Question at Town Hall Meeting

Raising her hand in order to pose a question, this African-American woman was one of a number of attendees to a town hall meeting on behalf of the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). The purpose of these meetings is to collect community concerns and share health messages about local environmental issues.

keywords: 11617, asking questions, public speaking, nervous woman, african american woman, public meeting, town hall meeting

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Frustrated African-American Man at a Meeting

Frustrated African-American Man at a Meeting

This African-American man, who appeared to be somewhat frustrated, was one of a number of attendees to a town hall meeting on behalf of the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). The purpose of these meetings is to collect community concerns and share health messages about local environmental issues.

Presentations such as the one being offered here by the health educator, or health assessor, are usually followed by audience participation through such question/answer breakout sessions. These sessions educate the listeners to the effects of site-specific exposures, how people are exposed, and for how long they were exposed, also referred to as the exposure dose.

keywords: 11614, boring, bored, frustrated, frustration, anger, show of hands, asking questions, raising hands, meeting, public participation, African-American Man



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11611_lores

African American Woman Asking a Question

African American Woman Asking a Question

Posing a question to one of the male presenters, this African-American woman was one of a number of attendees to a town hall meeting on behalf of the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). The purpose of these meetings is to collect community concerns and share health messages about local environmental issues.

Presentations such as the one being offered here by the health educator, or health assessor, are usually followed by audience participation through such question/answer breakout sessions. These sessions educate the listeners to the effects of site-specific exposures, how people are exposed, and for how long they were exposed, also referred to as the exposure dose.

keywords: 11611, African American woman, asking a question, town hall meeting, public meeting, education, public speaking